Smoke and Heart Should Stay Apartan
Smoke and Heart Should Stay Apart : A Look at E Cigarettes and Other Alternatives to Conventional Cigarettes, and Their Impact on Cardiovascular Health. Current Problems in Cardiology, June 2020.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cpcardiol.2020.100640 : E cigs and other alternatives of cigarette smoking do impart differing risks in cardiovascular mortality and morbidity, with the possible exception of nicotine replacement therapy.
The leading cause of preventable death in the world is smoking; leading to 7 million deaths attributable to tobacco use per year worldwide and 480,000 deaths per year in the United States. Though the actual rates of smoking in the United States have been on the decline, the advent of electronic cigarettes (E cigs) in 2007 was met with immense reception especially among the youth. Though initially thought to be a means to facilitate smoking cessation, recent evidence and the E cigs epidemic suggest its implications in significant morbidity and mortality. The other alternatives for conventional tobacco cigarettes have also been implicated in cardiovascular diseases. This manuscript aims to review E cigarettes and other alternatives to conventional cigarettes, and their impact on cardiovascular health. We conducted a Medline search using various combinations of “Cigarettes,” “E cigarettes,” “Smokeless tobacco,” “hookah”, and “cardiovascular risk” to identify pivotal trials published before May 10, 2020, for inclusion in this review. Concurrently, major practice guidelines, trial bibliographies, and pertinent reviews were examined to ensure inclusion of relevant trials. A consensus among the authors was used to choose items for narrative inclusion. The following section reviews data from pivotal trials to review the effects of E cigarettes, smokeless tobacco, hookah, nicotine replacement therapy on cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. There are many alternatives to conventional tobacco cigarette smoking, but none can be attributed as absolutely safe from a cardiovascular health perspective. The abundance of evidence regarding its impact on cardiovascular mortality and morbidity does not position it as a safe alternative, but an alternative means of smoking nicotine. The humongous rise in popularity and its gain in favor among the younger population poses a serious threat to the cardiovascular well-being of the exposed. Thus, E cigs and other alternatives of cigarette smoking do impart differing risks in cardiovascular mortality and morbidity, with the possible exception of nicotine replacement therapy.