7.69 million deaths and 200 million disability-adjusted life-yearsan
2019 Global Burden from Tobacco: 7.69 million deaths and 200 million disability-adjusted life-years; Health effects which will only increase without timely interventions
GBD 2019 Tobacco Collaborators. Spatial, temporal, and demographic patterns in the prevalence of smoking tobacco use and attributable disease burden in 204 countries and territories, 1990–2019: a systematic analysis from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019. The Lancet. May 27, 2021, DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(21)01169-7
“We estimated the prevalence of smoking tobacco use and attributable disease burden for 204 countries and territories… We modelled multiple smoking-related indicators from 3625 nationally representative surveys. We completed systematic reviews and did Bayesian meta-regressions for 36 causally linked health outcomes to estimate non-linear dose-response risk curves for current and former smokers. We used a direct estimation approach to estimate attributable burden, providing more comprehensive estimates of the health effects of smoking than previously available.”
Note: More details from multiple national surveys provide countries an opportunity to focus on means to reduce tobacco use and to learn from countries that are succeeding in eliminating this huge health burden.