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Wednesday, 18 July 2018 13:08

A systematic review of the effectiveness of smoking...

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A systematic review of the effectiveness of smoking cessation interventions among patients with tuberculosis “A systematic review of the literature identified 14 peer-reviewed studies describing 13 smoking cessation interventions between 2007 and 2017. There were five randomized controlled trials, three non-randomized interventions, and five prospective cohort studies.

The primary types of interventions were brief advice (n = 9), behavioral counseling (n = 4), medication (n = 3), and community-based care (n = 3). There were significant differences in design, the definition of smoking and smoking abstinence, and implementation, making comparison across studies difficult. Although all smoking interventions increased smoking cessation between 15% and 82%, many studies had a high risk of bias, including six without a control group. Future research should standardize definitions of smoking and cessation to allow comparisons across studies. Policymakers should encourage collaboration between tobacco and TB initiatives and develop smoking cessation measures to maximize results in low-resource settings.”

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