Items filtered by date: September 2016

“Data collected from 1999 to 2010 in the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) were linked to the National Death Index. Self-reported non-smokers aged ≥ 20 years (N=20,175) were studied. Serum cotinine was measured at recruitment; non-smokers were those with cotinine below the reported race-specific cut-off points (5.92 ng/mL, 4.85 ng/mL, and 0.84 ng/mL for non-Hispanic blacks,

A 2016 American Heart Association statement updates evidence of the cardiovascular effects of secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure on children. “Compelling animal and human evidence shows that SHS exposure during childhood is detrimental to arterial function and structure, resulting in premature atherosclerosis and its cardiovascular consequences. Childhood SHS exposure is also related to impaired cardiac

“In this US cross-sectional study including inspections of over 100,000 retailers in 2015, researchers used multilevel logistic regression to predict the likelihood of retailer sale to a minor based on tract characteristics. The proportion of American Indian residents, Black residents, Latino residents and residents less than age 65 under the poverty line in a neighborhood are independently, positively associated

“The US CDC used the Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS) data from 45 countries to examine the prevalence of current cigarette smoking, purchase of cigarettes from retail outlets, and type of cigarette purchases made among school students aged 13–15 years…. The proportion of current cigarette smokers aged 13–15 years who reported purchasing cigarettes from a retail outlet such as a store, street vendor,