Items filtered by date: December 2016

Childhood secondhand smoke exposure and pregnancy loss in never smokers “Of 19 562 Chinese women, 56.7% (11 096) had SHS exposure during childhood. After adjustment for other factors, logistic regression showed that the odds ratio of pregnancy loss ≥2 times (versus 0 to 1 time) was 1.25 (95% CI 1.00 to 1.57) and 1.20 (95% CI 1.03 to 1.40) for high density

E-cigarettes and equity: a systematic review of differences in awareness and use between sociodemographic groups:  Authors conclude: “E-cigarette awareness, ‘ever use’ and current use appear to be patterned by a number of sociodemographic factors which vary between different countries and subnational localities. Care will therefore be required to ensure neither the potential benefits nor the potential risks of e-cigarettes exacerbate existing health inequalities.”

Nicotine and Tobacco as Substances of Abuse in Children and Adolescents  : A new report from the American Academy of Pediatrics puts the spotlight on the dangers of nicotine. Authors conclude that, “the rapidly developing brains of children and adolescents are particularly susceptible to nicotine addiction” making nicotine exposure by children from any source dangerous and requiring prevention of such exposure vital to freedom from long-term nicotine addiction.

Do people who smoke at low-intensity (ie, <1 or 1-10 cigarettes per day (CPD)) over their lifetime have increased risk of mortality relative to those who never smoke? Among 290 215 older adults of the National Institutes of Health–AARP Diet and Health Study cohort, low-intensity smoking over the lifetime was associated with a significantly higher risk of all-cause mortality,

Secondhand smoke exposure and atherosclerosis risk. Research found that coronary atherosclerosis among subjects was 48% with SHTS exposure. "Adjusted odds ratios for any atherosclerosis were 2.1 (95% confidence interval: 1.0 to 4.4; p = 0.05) for low to moderate and 3.5 (95% confidence interval: 1.4 to 8.5; p = 0.01) for high exposure versus minimal SHTS exposure",

Quitlines have the potential to reach US minority smokers. Quitlines, hotlines that provide free cessation services for smokers, appear to be reaching minority populations that typically underutilize cessation treatments and have high smoking prevalence. This study is the first to use multi-state data to compare the reach of quitlines for different racial/ethnic groups. Researchers used a database