Researchers performed a systematic review of studies aimed at reducing the amount of tobacco used and/or using less toxic products such as nicotine replacement therapies (NRT) and potential reduced-exposure tobacco products (PREPs). Reviewers found limited research that met quality criteria and gave narrative findings where meta-analytic conclusions were not possible.
Two studies based on surveys in the US show youth smoking influences. One youth smoking influence is availability of e-cigarettes, the other is menthol cigarettes. Authors of the first study note the influence of increased e-cigarette use on waves of military recruits: “we demonstrate that survey participants in the 2011-2014 waves who report having ever tried e-cigarettes are far more prone to using traditional cigarettes and/or chewing tobacco than are predicted based on results from the 2002-2006 period.
This supplementary issue of Tobacco Control is open access providing 15 free papers dealing with important issues such as the minimum purchase age of 21, smoke-free homes, a culturally-centered approach to smoke-free policy, tax avoidance and evasion, tobacco retail policy, socioeconomic disparities and tax policies, assessment of retail tobacco practices, new products and ways tobacco is promoted to youth
Considering a new study claiming no association of smoke-free laws and heart hospitalization, Working with and choosing different models to determine an association between smoke-free laws and hospitalization involves considering many variables resulting in several ways of missing a relationship. These include overlooking effects of a large number of variables that run together, controlling/eliminating only